What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)? Security and ethical concerns
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the model of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. These processes include reasoning, learning and self-correction. The specific application of AI provides speech recognition, machine vision and expert systems.
Artificial Intelligence can be categorized as either strong AI or weak AI.
Strong Artificial Intelligence (AI):
Strong AI is also called artificial general Intelligence. It is an artificial system with generalized human intellectual abilities. When reliable AI system is presented with an unfamiliar task, it can find a solution without any human intervention.
Weak Artificial Intelligence is also called narrow AI. Weak AI system is designed for only a particular task like virtual personal assistants, such as Apple’s Siri, is the type of weak or narrow AI.
The use of artificial Intelligence has ethical questions, while AI tools present a range of new functionality for businesses. This because many underpin deep learning algorithms, which are as smart as the data given is the training. It is because the potential for human bias is inherent and must be monitored closely.
Types of Artificial Intelligence:
Arend Hintz, who is an assistant professor of computer sciences and integrative biology, has categorized AI into four types.
• Reactive machines. The IBM chess program which beat Garry Kasparov in the 1990s Deep Blue is an example. Deep Blue can recognize pieces on the chessboard and make speculations. But it has no wealth and cannot use previous experiences to inform later ones. It analyzes possible moves of its own and its opponent and decides the most strategic move.
• Limited memory. These artificial intelligence systems can use past experiences to inform the subsequent decisions. Some of the decision-making functions in automatic driving cars are designed this way. Observations tell actions are happening soon, such as a car changing lanes. These observations are not saved permanently.
• Theory of mind. It is a psychology term which refers to the awareness that others have their own opinions, wishes and intentions that impact the choices they make. This kind of AI doesn’t exist yet.
• Self-awareness. In this category, artificial intelligence systems have a sense of self and have consciousness. Machines with self-awareness understand their present state and can utilize the information to judge what others are feeling. This type of AI doesn’t exist yet.
Security and ethical concerns:
The application of Artificial Intelligence in the realm of automatic cars raises security as well as ethical concerns. Cars can be hacked, and when a self-operated vehicle is involved in an accident, responsibility is unclear. self-operated cars may also be put in a position where an accident is specific, forcing the programming to have an ethical decision about how to lessen the damage.
Another significant interest is the potential for abuse of artificial intelligence tools. Hackers are starting to use advanced machine learning tools to gain access to sensitive systems, complicating the issue of security beyond its present position.